On his first day in Office President Barack Hussein Obama directed the U.S. Attorney General to issue new guidelines for heads of Executive Departments and Agencies governing 5 U.S.C. 552, The Freedom of Information Act. Barack Hussein Obama reaffirmed a commitment to public accountability and transparency before ruling The United States. And Americans believed this President’s rhetorical serenade.
Consent in a constitutional democracy to be governed is not meaningful, a 110th Congress of The United States found, unless it is informed. President Obama adopted a presumption in favor of disclosing information so Americans could understand administration of their so-called self-government headed by a popular sovereign.
Though U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black wrote in 1959 leading enactment of the Freedom of Information Act, “The effective functioning of a free government like ours depends largely on the force of an informed public (which) calls for the widest possible understanding” of its practices, fifty years later Barack Obama noted his “presumption of disclosure” would “usher in a new era of open government.” Barack Obama committed all federal agencies to principles embodied by The Freedom of Information Act: transparency, participation, and collaboration form the cornerstone of open-government, promote accountability, and provide information about what Government is doing. Continue reading